The moment you take the sip of your favorite coffee you feel Aha…. You get back all your lost energy and feel more active and attentive towards your work. Have you even wondered how this coffee powder is formed? Many know about and many are sure about the exact source. The coffee beans are seeds which are processed and formed as coffee powder which we use to make our favorite coffee. Do you know that there are 4 major varieties of Coffee beans which are available in the market and used for making coffee powder? Well here we are going to share with you valuable info on this topic.
Arabica (Coffea arabica):
Most of us are quite familiar with this type of coffee bean. Around 60% of global coffee production is of Arabica. Cultivation of Arabica coffee plants are done at higher altitudes, receiving even rainfall and good amount of shade. Arabica plants are easy growing because of small size and easy to prune feature. These plants are not more than 6′ height; and harvesting is easy because of small stature. It is the most delicate coffee beans and highly prone to various plant diseases. Special attention need to be given for its healthy growth. Best quality Arabica beans possess bright texture, good amount of acidity, and have multi-layered intricacy with excellent flavors and aromas. Arabica coffee tastes best when served hot. Popular varieties of this coffee are Typica, Bourbon, Caturra, and Blue Mountain
Robusta (Coffea caniphora):
The next type of coffee beans which are cultivated maximum after Arabica is Robusta. It is not so prone to disease or climatic changes. The amount of Caffeine present in this coffee bean is double the amount present in Arabica. It needs hot climate for better growth and low rainfall. Bear quality Robusta beans do have a very smooth texture and low acidity. The taste of this coffee is quite close to chocolate flavor. If you love to add sugar and cream to your coffee then Robusta is the ideal choice for you. It tastes well even when milk is added to it.
Liberica (Coffea liberica):
It is quite difficult these days to get authentic Liberica coffee in the market but still it holds a very important place in the pages of history. Liberica beans in appearance are bit larger than rest beans and often asymmetrical. It is solo variety of coffee with irregular shape. It offers a unique aroma, with a blend of fruity and floral notes, having a body with smoky taste.
Excelsa (Coffea excels):
Excelsa very recently got re-classified as now considered as the member of the Liberica type. But honestly the taste is very different from the Liberica and so many coffee lovers consider it as a separate variety. It grows on trees having a height of large 20-30 ft altitudes with almond-like shape.
Hope you go a rough idea about the available varieties of coffee beans in the market. Select the one which matches your love and taste of coffee.